November 05, 2007
Self-Service Financial Service Drawbacks
The trend has sparked criticism from utility customers, regulators and consumer advocates. Customers say they miss the local centers where they were able to get personal service, such as arranging special payment plans. And some are simply uncomfortable going to check-cashing facilities.
But perhaps of greatest concern is that check-cashing facilities may be using utilities to build foot traffic, so they can steer consumers into expensive and addictive loan products that can carry annual interest rates in excess of 400%. At least one operator of check-cashing centers says that a number of customers who come in to pay utility bills also wind up taking out a payday loan, which is a short-term loan tied to the borrower's next paycheck.
Some regulators and utilities are starting to hear consumers' concerns. Arizona's utility commissioner, Kristen Mayes, says that "at a time when utilities are raising rates, it seems inappropriate to encourage people to use payday loan centers" to pay their bills.
Arizona Public Service, a unit of Pinnacle West Capital Corp., has severed its arrangement with check-cashing facilities and no longer tells customers to make payments at them. Tucson Electric Power says it can't go that far yet, because it would leave customers no in-person payment points. Instead, it's looking to broaden its network of payment locations. "We have a pretty close relationship with low-income advocates, and we've heard their concerns loud and clear," says Joe Salkowski, spokesman for Tucson Electric Power, a unit of Unisource Energy Corp.
That leaves many other utilities still relying on check-cashing centers.
Widespread use of check-cashing facilities didn't attract much attention until lately, mostly because only recently have these businesses branched into high-interest payday loans, which are legal in 38 states. In California, about 2,500 retail locations are licensed to make payday loans. Last year, 952,000 payday loans were made in the state, with a value believed to be about $2.5 billion, according to the California Department of Corporations, which licenses payday lenders. Most people who took out a loan wound up taking out multiple loans.
In a report issued in June, the National Consumer Law Center, a nonprofit research organization, said it identified 650 payday-loan companies that take payments for 21 large utilities. It accused them of using the utility customers to push other products. It said the characteristics of those who pay bills in person -- "low-income, minority, female, elderly" -- make them "prime targets for payday lenders," and it urged utilities to sever those arrangements.
Pacific Gas & Electric Co., the big San Francisco utility unit of PG&E Corp., uses 430 "authorized neighborhood payment centers" that take payments for PG&E, including several dozen that also make payday loans.
PG&E didn't recruit the retailers. It contracted with CheckFree Corp., Norcross, Ga., to put together the retail network. CheckFree has 11,000 agent locations in the U.S. that accept walk-in payments for utilities, auto lenders, credit-card companies and insurance firms. It also operates an electronic billing and payment-processing network that serves banks and other big institutions. Earlier this month, CheckFree agreed to be acquired by Fiserv Inc., Brookfield, Wis.
Like many utilities, PG&E makes the transactions free to its consumers. It pays CheckFree about 60 cents for each transaction and prohibits CheckFree or its affiliates from charging utility customers directly. CheckFree's network of retailers in Northern California handled 4.47 million payments for PG&E last year valued at about $648 million, according to the utility, or 7.4% of all PG&E bills paid.
But increasingly, the cost for transactions is being shifted onto consumers. CheckFree says it collects fees from consumers on 47% of the bill payments it forwards to various clients -- and it thinks the trend is for consumers to pay fees, more and more.
ACE Check Cashing, which operates check-cashing centers in all 38 states in which payday loans are legal, is a payment point for CheckFree. At a kiosk located in a Pak 'n Save store in Oakland, Calif., one of ACE's 1,700 retail locations, it offers payday loans costing $15.50 for each $100 borrowed for a 14-day term -- equating to annual interest of 404%, according to a sign that is posted there.Posted by staff at November 5, 2007 12:33 PM